In the Champagne wine region, an AOC zone, there are three predominant grape varieties: Pinot Noir, Meunier, and Chardonnay. They account for 99.7% of the wine region’s grapes. Pinot Gris, Pinot Blanc, Arbanne and Petit Meslier varieties can also be found here, but they are very few in number.
Covering 38% of the wine-region, Pinot Noir is the most widespread grape variety in Champagne. Despite its low fertility, it thrives in cool, chalky soils, and dominates in the regions of the Reims Mountain and the Aube (as well as the Côte des Bar). This grape gives wines a robust character, and can be discerned by its rich flavours of red fruits.
Chardonnay, covering 30% of the Champagne wine region, is the finest of Champagne’s grapes. It comes mainly from the Côte des blancs. Used for making “Blanc de Blancs” Champagnes, Chardonnay is known for its delicate floral aromas, as well as its freshness and long finish. Its slow ageing process makes this grape variety perfect for wines destined to be kept for a long time.
Finally, we have Meunier, covering the remaining 32% of the wine region. This variety prefers clay soils, and as a result, is mainly found in the Marne Valley. More resistant than the other varieties, it has an easier time adapting to a lack of heat in hard years. In wine, Meunier proves supple and fruity on the palate, and its quick development time makes it a very popular choice for blends.